I’m a Farm Wife… and I hate GMOs.

gmo corn

I’m a Farm Wife. And I Hate GMOs.

I’m a farm wife – of a grain farmer. A GMO grain farmer. There’s been a lot of heated debates about GMOs lately, as there should be, and it seems like I hear the same things repeated over and over in our agricultural community. If you’re against GMOs, you’re against farmers. If you’re against GMOs, you must be some yuppie woman from the city who drops her children off at their charter school, hits up her organic market, and goes back to her 7th floor flat to practice her internet activism against GMOs. If you are that mom, no offense, and the movement can certainly use you, provided that you really do your research and don’t quote things from NaturalNews without first making sure they are entirely unbiased and true.🙂

You’d be hard pressed to find someone who loves agriculture more than I do. I grew up in a farming family; my family raised produce, garden plants, meat animals and horses. Granddaddy also tanned hides to sell, traded ginseng, and had a ham store that really was internationally-renowned. I still remember the smell of the curing days in the fall – spicy peppers and sweet brown sugar. Yum. It’s making me hungry. But I digress. I loved agriculture so much that I majored in it in undergrad at Virginia Tech. B.S. in Animal and Poultry Sciences. I even went on to get my M.S. in Agriculture and Extension Education. After college, I was lucky enough to meet a grain farmer who was crazy handsome and sweet and funny and all of those things that scream husband material. And he somehow found me cute and fun enough to marry. My idea of a great morning is a hot cup of locally-roasted coffee accompanying me out into the garden until my boys wake up and coming back in the house sweaty, accomplished, and with really dirty jean knees. Here I stand actually, 5 months pregnant, sweaty, with dirty jean knees, writing this post as I make dinner while the boys are out checking soils at the different farm fields. I wouldn’t have it any other way.

As I mentioned above, I married a grain farmer. When I met him, my only thought was “well that’s neat”, because my family had never been involved in cereal grain production. We’re near the East Coast and grains aren’t as huge here as they are in say, the Midwest. Now that I know what they are, I remember seeing sprayers in fields and thinking “Wow, it must cost a lot of money to irrigate fields with all that water!” I kind of wish I still thought it was water. My family had never used any chemicals other than lime in our fields, so chemical agriculture was a whole new ballgame to me. I literally had no clue. Fast forward seven years, and here I am writing this post. Why now? Well, a few reasons. The debate heating up obviously makes it a good time. But I also feel like there are some of us who haven’t had a voice in that debate, or at least been outspoken enough. And by “we”, I mean farmers who don’t actually *like* GMOs. Now my qualifications as a farmer may be iffy – I don’t actually help my husband in the field, and I’m not employed by his farm. I’m a mere spectator to that part. My “farming” is in my chickens down the hill, my berry patches, and my garden. That said, I’m pretty well familiar with all of the facets of his operation. He and I don’t agree 100% on the topic, but nor do we disagree. Yes, he does grow GMO corn and soy. He also grows non-GMO corn, which he started last year. Why does he grow GMOs if he’s not necessarily a fan of them? The answer lies in you, and me, and all of us, as consumers. Farming is his job. It’s what brings home money for our family. And if we didn’t have an income, I wouldn’t be able to communicate with you right now. He grows what the consumer demands – which is one reason he started growing non-GMO corn. Because we’re NOT in the “grain belt”, grain elevators here are hard to find that take non-GMO grains separately. In short, there’s no market for non-GMO unless we find a small supplier that’s willing to take a chance on it (which is what happened this year and last, thankfully). If we grow non-GMO and nobody buys it, that doesn’t help you, or us.

So to the meat of it – why would I hate GMOs? Well, I’m going to outline several reasons. Sure, part of what you hear from me will be what you’ve heard from other GMO activists. Safety concerns, concerns about evil corporations, etc. I do not disagree with those points that many activists make. And let me say here that many times, when I’ve heard folks insult “anti-GMO activists” and I chime in, I get the “Well yeah but you’re not one of the crazy activists, so you don’t count in [whatever insult I just made]” Aren’t I? I readily admit I am one of the most outspoken people you will find on the topic. I don’t hesitate to write legislators, sign petitions, or call Monsanto on their BS on their Facebook page. I AM one of those crazy activists. And that’s fine with me. You don’t change the world by behaving. But my reasons for hating GMOs go way beyond many of the normal things you usually hear from The Activists. I truly feel that these companies and these seeds are threatening to utterly DESTROY our industry.

#1. Proof of Safety? Doubtful. On either side of the debate, you’ve heard this one: “GMOs have a long, proven track record of safety. Plenty of peer-reviewed studies have all proven that they are completely safe.” Ehhhhh not so much. Once you really start looking into these “studies”, you realize that ALL – let me repeat that – ALL of them are industry-sponsored. What does that mean? Well, to put it in basics, Monsanto has conducted a study to say that Monsanto’s products are completely safe. See the problem here? Those safety studies determine the future of their products and their company. If you were Monsanto, would you not ensure that if you’re going to conduct a study, it comes out in your favor? There have been NO independent studies done on GMOs that have been approved, because the seeds are patented and the GMO manufacturers will not release the patents for independent testing. Furthermore, the FDA/USDA/ANY other regulatory agency does NOT test, nor sponsor testing of GMOs. The only requirements for these federal agencies to say these products are safe are 30-day trials, conducted by the companies themselves. Look at the incidence of degenerative diseases in our society. 100 years ago, we worried about communicable diseases – diseases passed from one person to the other. Today, we worry much more about diseases that have nothing to do with “catching” anything from the folks around us. Lots of people are chalking it up to genetics but as a species evolves, does it not improve genetically? Do I think GMOs are the cause of cancers, Alzheimer’s, and other degenerative diseases? No, probably not on their own. Do I think what we are putting on and in our bodies is the cause? AB-SO-FREAKING-LUTELY. Perhaps our genes make us more predisposed to developing these conditions, but the CAUSE is not our genes; it is our food, and the chemicals that we surround ourselves with. Being anti-GMO is NOT being anti-science, or anti-technology. It is being anti-industry-bullshit. I’m of the opinion that until we really get some good, long-term information about how we digest the changed genetic structures of these GMOs and how they can affect our bodies, they should not be in virtually every food we eat.

#2. Chemicals. This part of GMO grain production actually bothers me more than the genetic splicing and insertion itself. We KNOW the chemicals applied to GMO grain crops are harmful. And though the companies who manufacture these chemicals (ironically, the same companies who manufacture our GMO food seeds (?!?!)) would like to tell us that they don’t stick around long enough to affect our bodies when we eat GMO foods, this is patently false, as proven by LOTS of recent studies – most notably those showing the levels of glyphosate (Roundup) showing up in American breastmilk (Google it – it’s real, it’s reliable, and the government is reviewing Roundup safety as a result). And yes, I absolutely realize that chemical application is not limited to GMO grain production. Non-GMO grains, as well as organic (sorry, folks, it’s true) grains may also get treated with dangerous chemicals. However, many GMO grains have been specifically developed to withstand an incredible amount of pesticide application. Trust me, while you may find non-GMO and organic products that possibly haven’t been sprayed, you can bet your bottom dollar that GMO products are LOADED with pesticides. Another part of GMO production and its relationship with chemicals has to deal with no-till agriculture – meaning that when a crop is planted, the soil is not tilled. There are several benefits to no-till that involve topsoil conservation and maintaining the health of our waterways. It’s also quicker and cheaper. No-till is a great thing, save for one thing – chemical application. In traditional agriculture, tilling kills the weeds growing on top of a field that is to be planted. In no-till, another means of killing those weeds must be employed; and to date, the only viable option is chemical application. No-till and GMO production don’t always have to go hand in hand, but in reality, they often do. After the initial spray, growing plants can then be sprayed again and again with Roundup to ensure no weeds grow while the crop is young and getting established.

#3. GMOs are eroding our creativity and connection with agriculture. Find an old time farmer and he will probably tell you about cover crops, companion planting, and all of his tricks to keeping weeds and bugs out of his crop fields. As we embrace GMO technology without a second thought, we are killing our creativity and our knowledge in the process. Who needs to talk to an old timer now? We have sprays for that. I realize that some folks view this as a win – “Our problems are solved!” – but what happens when the chemical solution to the problem is no longer a viable one and we no longer know any other way? A great example of this is Roundup resistance. Many weeds are now becoming resistant to Roundup and are either requiring even more enormous amounts of Roundup application, or a different poison altogether (which is why Dow is currently in the approval process of 2,4-D resistant gene technology – in case you aren’t aware, 2, 4-D is one of the components of Agent Orange).

#4. Betting the farm – literally – on new technology that’s in the process of being rejected. THIS one is the most important and the most concerning point to me. The agricultural community has been so quick to embrace this seed technology – 88% of all field corn is GMO and 94% of all soybeans are GMO – without thought for what may happen if the technology fails to be accepted. Acceptance by American consumers is definitely important – and we know that is failing. 95% of Americans want GMOs labeled. Many are even calling for a ban. Several states have pending legislation that would limit GMO production. Even MORE important and MORE concerning is global rejection of GMOs. Peru has already banned them altogether. 60-something other countries around the world have some kind of restriction on their import. The U.S. and Canada are the last holdouts for trying to avoid labeling GMOs (presumably because the companies who produce them have infiltrated our government to the highest levels – Hillary Clinton, Michael Taylor of the FDA, Supreme Court Justice Clarence Thomas, and the list goes on foreverrrrr). The world is rejecting GMOs. If we can’t export our products, we are done for. Yet, agricultural producers are still screaming to defend these products. I can only surmise that a) fear of no longer knowing how to produce without them, and b) being unwilling to find a way to add value to their products are what’s driving that defense. MOST concerning, however, is that if GMOs fail – if GMOs are rejected – if GMOs are proven to NOT be a good technology – we have already begun the process of contaminating all of our seed for these crops. Even the certification for non-GMO is “containing X% or less of GMO material” – because the contamination is so rampant that purity is almost non-existent at this point. If GMO fails, every crop that we have started GMO production for – corn, soybeans, alfalfa, and even GRASS (YES, GRASS) – will fail. That’s an awfully big risk for us to be embracing. Farming has always come with risks. Calculated risks. GMO is a bad bet at this point.

So there you have it. My personal reasons for being both a farm wife and a dreaded anti-GMO activist. I welcome opposing thoughts and respectful debate. I’ve heard it all, so anything you want to throw at me from the other side, we can chat about. I do not fault those of you on the pro-GMO side, though I do believe you have been misled, and I encourage you to do some deeper digging. We have been conditioned as farmers to believe that these companies have our best interests in mind. They don’t. They are exploiting farmers for a quick buck, and at whatever cost to consumers, farmers, and the environment that may be. They are CHEMICAL companies – not agriculture companies. And these products are not godsends. They are suspicious at best, and dangerous at worst.

Challenging Every Excuse You Have for Not Buying Local

It’s 11 a.m. and so far I’ve already talked to two different people who told me that grocery shopping was on their to-do list today. Naturally, my question was “Oh, where are you shopping today?” One response was “Martin’s” (as in Giant Eagle), and the other was “Sam’s Club”. I never fail to get disheartened when people tell me that they are frequenting a large grocery store. I get especially disheartened when I’m actually on my way to visit our local farmer’s market, where there is a bounty of fresh baked breads, gleaming produce, fragrant cheeses and humanely-raised sustainable local meat – put there early this morning by people who work sunup to sundown carefully planting, watering, feeding, kneading, and churning just to bring you and your family the very best food possible.

strawberry pint

Let’s forget about GMOs and processed foods for a bit and talk about why anyone would choose a large, fluorescent-lit, impersonal grocery store over a welcoming, friendly farmer’s market. These are the excuses I hear the most, and why each of them is – excuse my French – complete bullcrap.

1)      I don’t have the time to shop local. It’s so easy to get in and get out of the grocery store!

Really? I know we are all busy. No doubt. Between work, home, and the role of mommy or daddy, we’re tired. I get it. Trust me, my little one is one of the squirmiest, most impatient kids you’ll find. And homesteading and a 40-hour a week job to boot keeps me pretty darn busy. I don’t know about you, but my kid isn’t exactly content to be still in the basket of the grocery store cart. If I have to end up at a grocery store (and mine is the co-op 40 minutes away, unless we are in a dire emergency for baby wipes , and then Martin’s has to cut it), I want to be in and out in as little time possible, because my little guy is constantly pulling at everything on the shelves, trying to get out of the cart, or on the verge of a meltdown because I’ve made him sit still for an extended period of time. Even then, my trip to the store ALWAYS takes at least 45 minutes. Let’s compare this with the farmer’s market. Saturdays are usually THE day for markets. Picture your kid strolling with you through the tents, in awe of the fresh food in front of him or her. There are local farmers at every station, ready and willing to say good morning to your little one, explain how they grew that tomato, or even provide a small sample of local, freshly-cooked bacon. My C is star-struck at the farmer’s market. Bright colors, yummy smells, lots to see everywhere. The market is a very pleasant trip for us. Aside from that, the market is such an amazing learning moment for you and your child! What better place for them to learn where their food comes from, pick out something fresh to help you cook for dinner, or meet and talk with their local farmer who grows their food?! What’s a better option – buying a can of cherry pie filling at the store, or having your little one handpick a pint of sweet cherries at the market, hearing how those cherries were picked off of a big tree a couple days ago, watching your little one carefully put them in the bag, then going home and spending the rest of the morning as a mommy-daughter or mommy-son date making a homemade pie? Which one leaves more of a positive impression on your child? Which one makes you feel like a better parent? Why anyone wouldn’t take advantage of Saturday morning quality time with their kiddos at such a wonderful place is beyond my comprehension.  So sure, the choice is yours. Dread going to the grocery store with your little ones in tow, or enjoy your morning at the market as a family outing.

2)      Local food is too expensive!

While I realize that local and organic are two different things, this excuse is applied to either. Folks say that organic food is too expensive too. Luckily for us as local consumers, most of your market food, while it may not be certified organic, is chemical-free – simply because the clientele of the market demands that. In the words of Joel Salatin, “If you think organic food is expensive, have you priced cancer lately?” Unlike GMOs (which while us real foodies are pretty well convinced they have some kind of link to cancer, it has not been “proven” yet), chemical pesticides and herbicides DO contribute to cancers and other degenerative diseases. The antibiotics and hormones in meat are partially responsible for the maladies today of early puberty onset and antibiotic resistance. Do you really want to feed your little one that stuff? I sure don’t. And if you think it simply washes off, you’re sadly mistaken. And the reality is that local food really ISN’T more expensive than the grocery store. For example, I got a half gallon of locally grown, chemical-free sweet cherries at the market this morning. My cost? $7. You can get a half gallon of conventional (NOT organic) cherries at the grocery store for $6.99. Wouldn’t you rather pay one cent more and get cherries without pesticide on the side? Also keep in mind that when you shop local, that ENTIRE $7 goes to your FARMER. That ENTIRE $7 stays in the LOCAL ECONOMY. Most of that $7 will probably be SPENT in the local economy. Your $6.99 at the grocery store? Some of it may go to the grower – who might be in California, but is more likely in Mexico. The majority goes to the CEO of a large grocery chain. There is a saying I love: “Eat local, feed a farmer.” So true. Every dollar you spend is your vote on how you want the world to be for your children. Chew on that.

3)      But I can just get everything in one place at the grocery store!

Once again – really? Because I don’t think there has EVER been a time I went to Wal-Mart (ok, so it’s probably been about five years since I’ve even stepped foot inside a Wal-Mart) or Martin’s when I didn’t have SOMETHING lingering on my list and I’ve had to chalk it up “Oh well, I’ll buy it at another place another day.” Most grocery stores do not carry an abundance of nutritious food to begin with. I’m lucky that we frequent a good food co-op about once a month for the few things that I can’t get from local farmers (sugar, dry goods, baby food snacks) and I completely trust the food they have stocked as wholesome and nutritious for my family. My co-op also sources local as much as possible – double win. Locally, we have farmers – all within five miles of our home – that provide all of our meat and eggs. FIVE MILES. FIVE. Is it really that difficult to drive a couple of miles up the road, buy your meat in bulk from someone you know and trust, allow your child to see the farm where his food is coming from, and then take it home and put it in the freezer? Nope. Know your farmer, people. He’s right in your backyard, and he can give you better food than you will ever get at the store.

We all have a responsibility. You have a responsibility to yourself, your children, your community, your country, and your world (nudge, nudge, former 4-Hers, sounds familiar eh?). Your responsibility is to make your family healthy, and leave a positive impact on those around you. That’s why you were put on this earth. If you’re not already, do your part. Give your money to the farmers who need it and who care enough about YOUR family to grow nutritious food for you. Keep your dollars in the local economy. Teach your children where their food comes from. Teach them that shopping for food is fun and fulfilling. Teach them to do their part too.

Buy local. Be local.

Strawberries!

So I just have to share the project that the husband recently completed for me. I wish the pictures did it justice! On the back side of our greenhouse, we had some flat space that got tons of sun. It was a shame to let it go to waste. So, my dear husband made me a strawberry bed using old cinder blocks he had laying around the farm. One plant per cinder block hole. Check it out!

strawberry bed 1strawberry bed 2 

strawberry bed 3strawberry bed 4

Can’t wait to show you guys pictures when we have some hearty plants and juicy red berries growing back here! We only have 50 plants this year… though if the block thing works out, I will definitely expand next year! Also, I’m using a special blend of soil for all of my plants that Lyle put together for me. It’s a 15% topsoil, 85% compost mix. It’s fine and black and beautiful. More to come on compost later!

Family Project: Greenhouse

Over a month ago, we finally ordered a greenhouse. The company was a little difficult to work with, but at last, it was delivered a few days ago. We all have our own responsibilities. Lyle is the construction man. I’m the grower. And C, obviously, is supervisor.

The greenhouse construction began yesterday. After a lot of thought, we decided to order a kit. We have lots of old windows that would be perfect for a greenhouse, but at the end of the day, a self-made greenhouse was going to cost us much more than simply ordering a kit. Lyle was able to put the kit together in one day on the terrace he had already built for it (using some huge stones we have around the farm). Check it out!

greenhouse 1 compressedgreenhouse 2 compressed

Lyle used old pallets he had at the farm to make me three long tables. So talented.

greenhouse 3 compressed

greenhouse 4 compressed

C was very busy making sure daddy was doing everything right.

greenhouse 5 compressed

He even taste-tested the air to make sure it was perfect.

greenhouse 6 compressed

I got to get in there and get my seeds started this evening. THRILLED! I have saved the plastic containers that plants have come in for the last few years so I have a stash built up. I also used egg cartons that I vented at the bottom. For plant markers, I used leftover plastic knives – you ALWAYS have the dang knives left behind!🙂

greenhouse 7 compressed

greenhouse 8 compressed

I finally started running out of daylight and thought that this Sunday couldn’t possibly get any better… but then I turned around to this. Best. Day. Ever.

greenhouse 9 compressed

 

GIVEAWAY TIME! Nourishing Traditions Cookbook!

NT

The Nourishing Traditions Cookbook, by Sally Fallon Morell will change the way you view food. Are you ready to start your journey into cleaner eating and more nourishing foods? This book is Step 1! Click on the “Nourishing Traditions Giveaway” link below to enter the giveaway! You can earn one point for leaving me a comment on my blog at http://sweetsustainability.net and TWO entries each time you share my Sweet Sustainability Facebook page on your wall or a friend’s wall. The giveaway ends Monday, April 8. Ready? GO!

Nourishing Traditions Giveaway!

A Healthy Snack: Lemon Ginger Apple Chips

This recipe came from Holistic Squid – one of my favorite bloggers. I made just a few small tweaks, like using ginger powder instead of ginger juice and cutting the time by about 80%. If you’d like to see the original recipe, click here. These are SO easy and super nutritious! Perfect for road trips, kids’ lunch boxes, or just because dangit you felt like something to eat! You can probably come up with other creative flavors very easily.

apple slices

Lemon Ginger Apple Chips

1/2 lb. apples – I used Fujis, but you could really use whatever variety you like

2 tsp. ginger powder

2 Tbsp. lemon juice

Slice apples in 1/8″ rounds. The seeds will fall out as you slice. If they don’t, just remove them before putting your slices on the dehydrator. Place apple slices in a bowl; add lemon juice and ginger. Toss very well to coat. Place apple slices on dehydrator (my mom bought be me a Nesco dehydrator for Christmas – love it!) trays and dehydrate at 135 degrees for about 6 hours. Yum!

Chicken: Your New Best Friend in the Kitchen

Are you the type of person who wants an easy, no-fuss meal that both tastes great and gives you a fantastic value for your dollar? Meet your new best friend:

whole chicken

A whole chicken is one of the most economical, EASY staples you can add as a part of your weekly menu. Notice I said “whole”. NOT boneless, skinless chicken breasts. One pack of three boneless, skinless chicken breasts will cost you roughly $6 for conventional (Purdue, Tyson, etc.) chicken and $8 for organic. Let’s say you also purchase 2 32-oz. containers of chicken broth at $3 a piece and a tub of chicken salad at the deli for $8/lb. We’ll say you went the cheaper route and bought conventional chicken and your grocery cart now contains $20 worth of products.

Let’s compare this with a $15 whole broiler chicken from your local farmer. Our last chickens came from Walnut Hill Farms in Kearneysville. They were fantastic, and we also plan on trying some from Greengate Farms in Shepherdstown for our next batch. You know where your whole chicken came from – it’s not pumped full of antibiotics and hormones, it hasn’t been fed GMO feed, and it hasn’t been kept in unhealthy squalor in a disease-filled poultry house. You’re getting about triple the amount of meat than your pack of boneless, skinless breasts – along with juicy cuts like legs and thighs. You’re also getting a bargain you may not know you’re getting – chicken bones. Chicken bones are PACKED full of vitamins and minerals – what a waste to throw them away! You can use your local, healthy chicken bones to make fantastic bone broth that you can then freeze and use whenever you need some chicken broth… and it has WAY more nutrients and flavor than that store-bought stuff. So you now have roughly a $32 grocery store value for $15. Add in the added vitamins and minerals from healthy, pastured chickens and the peace of mind that your animals were humanely treated, kept out of disgusting poultry houses, and do not contain GMOs, and that value increases immensely. AND, you’re using your chicken THREE times – 1) Roasted chicken for dinner, 2) Leftover shredded chicken (I use mine for enchiladas or chicken salad) and 3) delicious, nutritious chicken bone broth! Last but not least, you’re supporting your local farmer! Your dollars are going directly to buying a little girl’s Easter shoes, or a little boy’s baseball glove, or to put food on the table for a local, hardworking family!

Some of you are probably now saying: “But I don’t know how to cook a whole chicken!” or “It takes too much time!” or “It’s too hard!” (I truly hope nobody is throwing out the “lean meat” argument for boneless, skinless breasts – with all of the information I have posted thus far on the health benefits of pastured animal fats). I have GREAT news for you! It could not be easier to cook a whole chicken! And for those of you who have fidgety toddlers that make your kitchen time a little more challenging (oh, how I understand!) you are looking at a 5 minute prep time when you get home from work and you will be enjoying delicious roasted chicken 2 1/2 hours later (for a 4 lb. chicken). Posted below is my cheater’s recipe for Rotisserie Chicken. It’s to die for. But first, I’ll tell you how to easily make some wonderful chicken bone broth!

Chicken Bone Broth

bone broth

Chicken bone broth (or ANY bone broth) is a way to get your normal chicken broth to use in recipes, when you’re sick, etc., but with huge amounts of added vitamins and minerals! If your bone broth gels after it cools – great! The gelling is formed by gelatin and collagen – which are necessary nutrients for human health! If you’re able to throw in some of the leftover skin and some chicken FEET (yes. feet.) – even better!

Place your leftover, picked-over chicken bones (after you’ve removed meat and shredded it for another purpose) in your slow cooker. Add 64 oz. of water and 2 Tbsp. apple cider vinegar. The vinegar will pull all of the minerals out of the bones and into your broth. Set on low and cook 2-3 days (yes. days.). If the broth level starts to get lower as it cooks, you can simply add some more water. You can also steal a ladelful to drink for added immune boosting whenever you like, so long as its cooked for at least 8 hours. Then, pour into containers and place in the freezer. I freeze mine in Pyrex containers with about 2 c. of broth per container and label them with the amount and the date. I then just pull them out whenever I need broth!

Kiya’s Cheater Rotisserie Chicken

1 Tbsp. salt

1 Tbsp. paprika

1 tsp. cayenne pepper

1 Tbsp. onion powder

1 Tbsp. thyme

1 1/2 Tbsp. black pepper

3 Tbsp. garlic powder

1/4 c. butter, melted

whole chicken

Preheat oven to 350. Place chicken in a dutch oven (I LOVE my Le Creuset!!!) or roasting pan. Coat chicken with melted butter. Combine all spices and rub all over bird, using all of spice mix. Place dutch oven in the heated oven and cook about 2 1/2 hours, or until internal temperature reaches 165. That’s IT! You can also do this in your slow cooker and cook on low for 8 hours, if you tend to eat supper earlier in the evening.

Now, don’t ever buy that pack of boneless, skinless chicken breasts again!

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